HOTCHKISS Type PL 25 (1955)

A l’origine de la marque, il y a Benjamin-Berkeley Hotchkiss né aux Etats-Unis en 1828 et qui immigra en France en 1867. Armurier par vocation, il crée en 1875 à Saint-Denis (Seine-St-Denis) une manufacture d’armes légères et devient très vite fournisseur de l’armée. C’est Hotchkiss qui fabriquera entre autres la mitrailleuse 8 mm équipant le char Renault FT 17. La guerre finie, il s’intéresse très vite à l’automobile (voitures, utilitaires et véhicules industriels) avec des fortunes diverses.

Son premier utilitaire sort en 1936. Il est équipé d’un moteur de 2,3 litres de cylindrée (86 x 99,5 mm) à soupapes en tête. Sa fabrication reprend à la fin de la guerre et se poursuit jusqu’en 1951, année de sortie d’un nouveau modèle, le PL 20, de deux tonnes de charge utile, équipé d’une cabine entièrement métallique style US. Moteur inchangé.

Son successeur sera, en 1952, le PL 25. Ce véhicule, d’une charge utile de 2,5 tonnes, fut largement diffusé en France et sa ligne typique est encore présente dans la mémoire des usagers de la route des années 55/70. II bénéficiait d’une réputation de robustesse tout à fait justifiée. La série s’arrêta en 1964.

L’exemplaire de la Fondation est de 1940. Restauré de mai à octobre 1989, il est en parfait état de marche.

Sources :

Fonds Hotchkiss :

  • Feuille descriptive des Mines PL25 11/13 ch, 1952.
  • Dépliants publicitaires, 1952-1955
  • Extraits de presse, 1952-1955
  • Catalogue pièces de rechange PL20, PL25, PL50, s.d.
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The discovery caps an 11 year effort to tease out information from instruments on ground based telescopes that measure minute variations in starlight caused by the gravitational tugs of orbiting planets.

Planet G the sixth member in Gliese 581’s family orbits right in the middle of that system’s habitable region, where temperatures would be suitable for liquid water to pool on the planet’s surface.

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