Renault – Saviem : les petits camions qui se sentent bien partout !

Entre les « Goélettes » des années 50, les « SG » des années 70,  les « type B » et autres « Messengers » des années 90, se dessine une filiation et une vocation commune. Au-delà de leur évolution technique, ces véhicules ont  rythmé le quotidien de trois générations de cultivateurs, artisans, commerçants et entrepreneurs… retour sur une histoire de famille !

 

Rappel technique et chronologique :

 

1947 : la Régie Nationale RENAULT met au point  une nouvelle génération de petits utilitaires à cabine avancée de 1000 à 1400 kg de charge utile.

1949 : sortie du R2061 de 1400 kg doté du moteur « 85 » et d’une boîte 3 vitesses.

1955 : Le département poids lourds de RENAULT se regroupe avec les constructeurs LATIL et SOMUA sous la marque SAVIEM LRS.

1956-59 : RENAULT lance les camions R2086 Goélette : 4 cylindres 88×88, 12 CV, PTC : 3T325 et Galion R2167, 4 cylindres 88×88, 12 CV, PTC : 4 T 9.

1959 : RENAULT devient l’actionnaire majoritaire de SAVIEM. A partir de 1963,  SAVIEM, en plus des utilitaires lourds, va prendre également en charge  la fabrication des véhicules de basse et moyenne gamme. La Régie Renault se recentre uniquement sur l’automobile et la camionnette légère (Estafette…)

1er juin 1965 : SAVIEM lance la Super-Goélette SG2 (3T5 de base) et le Super-Galion SG4 (5T950 de base) dérivés des véhicules précédents avec les moteurs Renault 671 essence et 580 diesel.

Juin 1967 : sortie du SB2 4 cylindres 88×88, 10 cv, traction avant, version essence et diesel P.T.C. : 4 T 250.

3 novembre 1967 : contrat de licence avec AVIA, entreprise tchèque pour fabriquer des SG2 et des SG4

fin juillet 1968 : les SG2 et SG4 sont équipés en série de nouveaux moteurs les Renault 817 (essence) ou 712 (diesel) aux choix de l’utilisateur.

1971 : Les différentes versions du SG2 peuvent recevoir en option une boite automatique BORG-WARNER accompagnée d’un freinage assisté par servo-frein.

1975 : lancement du SG3 de 4,5 T dérivé du SG2 mais avec des pneus jumelés à l’arrière.

1978 : Le regroupement des constructeurs Berliet et Saviem donne naissance à Renault Véhicules Industriels (R.V.I.), filiale de la Régie Nationale des Usines Renault.

1980 : Disparition des marques Berliet et Saviem au bénéfice du losange Renault.

1980 : essais clients des camions de la future gamme B fabriqués à l’usine de Batilly sous le nom de code « F »

1982 : sortie des camions B70 (gamme B RENAULT V.I.) fabriqués à Batilly : fourgon et porteur 3T5 et 4T5 de PTAC (B70-35/45 fourgon en 1988)

1986 : sortie du B90 turbo injection directe châssis cabine, fourgon plateau 3T5 et 4T5 de PTAC

1989 : série limitée « Messenger » des B70-35 et B90-35 châssis cabine et fourgon 3T5 et 4T5 de PTAC.

1990 : Série B80-35/45 3T5 et 4T5 ; B110-35/50 3T5 et 5T, B110-60 6 T

1991 : Série B110-35/45 3T5 et 4T5, B110-55 5T5, B120-35/50 3T5 et 5T, B120-60 6T de PTAC.

1992 : les véhicules de la gamme B prennent tous le nom générique de « MESSENGER ».

1999 : Série de fin des « Messenger ». Sortie du « MASCOTT »

EN BONUS : un article de 1966 sur la Super Goélette !

Jimmy Buffett rallies Parrotheads for U

Sugar Corp. hope in the next few weeks to change the attitudes of lawmakers opposed to the deal.

Introduced by Miami Herald columnist and novelist Carl Hiaasen, Buffett played a 25 minute mid day acoustic set as part of an Everglades Day rally that attracted more than 500 people to the Capitol courtyard.

« What would Skink do? » Buffett asked the crowd in reference to the fictional former Florida Gov. Clinton Tyree, who appears as a wild hermit known as Skink in a number Hiaasen’s novels.

« He’d do the right cheap nfl jerseys china thing, » Buffett answered his own question. « Governor. Legislature. Do the right thing. We want to preserve our water. We want to save our swamp. Sugar land purchase want lawmakers to use money from a voter approved initiative known as Amendment 1 to carry out a 2010 deal that the powerful sugar company now opposes.

The deal signed by former Gov. Sugar, of which 26,100 acres would be used for construction of the Everglades Agricultural Area reservoir. wholesale jerseys The deal must be completed by Oct. 12 or Florida would have to buy an additional 157,000 acres to get the land for the reservoir.

The sugar land is viewed as a potential flow way for water from Lake Okeechobee south through the Everglades. Sugar’s position shouldn’t matter.

« It’s a binding written contract. Their name is on the dotted line, » Eikenberg said after Tuesday’s rally.

Noticeably absent from an audience comprised of state workers, lobbyists and Buffett fans known as « Parrotheads, » were some Republican lawmakers who have criticized the push to use increased funding from Amendment 1 for land purchases, particularly the sugar land deal estimated at $350 million.

Hiaasen pointed to overwhelming voter support in November for Amendment 1, which requires the state to set aside funding for land and water projects. The funding level is projected at $741.8 million next fiscal year, more than $200 million above what lawmakers allocated for such uses in the current year.

« We had a problem. We had a solution. And now we have the money, » Hiaasen cheap jerseys free shipping told the crowd. « All we need is for our elected leaders to do two things: follow the laws they wrote; and follow the commitment of so many Floridians last November. »

Legislative leaders working to implement Amendment 1 have vastly different ideas about the money.

A number of lawmakers, and groups like Associated Industry of Florida’s H2O Coalition, have repeatedly said the state should first take care of land it already owns. Sugar’s now opposition to the sale.

Rep.

« We don’t see how that (sugar) purchase benefits the restoration, » Caldwell saidTuesday. « You’ve got a need to restore the Kissimmee valley. If you really want to stop flows into the estuaries, you have to keep the water in the valley in the first place. You could flood every single farm field south of the lake and you’d still have 2013 damage to the estuaries, because there is more water coming out of the valley then you could ever move south. »

Last year lawmakers approved a $231.9 million package to improve South Florida waterways and direct some water out of Lake Okeechobee to the south rather than into the estuaries to the east and west, which in 2013 were inundated with nutrient heavy waters released from the lake.

While lawmakers have been criticized for designating little money for land acquisition from the Amendment 1 pool, the House has offered $20 million for the restoration of the Kissimmee River. The Senate has proposed $22 million.

Rep. Jim Boyd, a Bradenton Republican who crafted House legislation to create a trust fund for the Amendment 1 money, said he’s open to discussing the sugar land purchase. However, he said with negotiations pending between the House and Senate, the sugar land price tag is « probably not realistic. »

« We do have a lot of state land already that we’ve got to cheap nfl jerseys maintain and manage and that may or may not be good for us in the big picture, » Boyd said of adding the sugar land to the state inventory. « And I know north of the lake (Okeechobee) there are a lot of issues that we need to deal with. »

But the goal of lawmakers should be to retain as much water on the peninsula as possible, and the way to do that is to buy land, Eikenberg said.

« You have states in this union, California being the first example, where they’re rationing water, » Eikenberg said. « Those that try to say we don’t need more land, it’s narrow minded. It’s not thinking holistically about what we need to do to preserve the future of our state. »Articles Connexes:

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